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Glucose Transporters

Binding of glucose into their transmembrane receptors stimulate the fusion of internally stored glucose transporters into the cell membrane. After completing its function the insulin hormones leave the receptors, as a result the glucose transporters are d

Insulin Receptors

Transmembrane insulin receptors are composed of two α subunits and two cytoplasmic β subunits. Binding of insulin molecules to α subunits activates the insulin receptors which in turn phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine kinase enzyme residues of β sub